Germany Shortage Occupation List 2024-2025

Germany Shortage Occupation List

Germany is well known for its strong economy and high standard of living. However, it faces a significant challenge: a shortage of skilled workers in various sectors. Here we will reveal Germany Shortage Occupation List for 2024-2025.

This shortage has led to the creation of the ‘Shortage Occupation List’, a catalog of professions that are in high demand across the country.

Understanding this list is crucial for those considering relocating to Germany for work, as it highlights the skills and qualifications that are most needed.

This guide will delve into the details of the shortage occupation list in Germany, providing valuable insights for potential job seekers and employers alike.

Germany Shortage Occupation List Revealed

Generally, Germany’s economy thrives on its diverse industries, including manufacturing, engineering, healthcare, and information technology. However, demographic changes, such as an aging population and declining birth rates, have created gaps in the workforce.

Germany Shortage Occupation List

To address this issue, Germany regularly updates its Shortage Occupation List, which identifies professions with insufficient local talent to meet the demand.

By attracting skilled workers from abroad, Germany aims to maintain its economic stability and growth. The Shortage Occupation List plays a pivotal role in immigration policies, making it easier for professionals in these fields to obtain work visas and residence permits.

Shortage Occupation List in Germany

The Shortage Occupation List in Germany includes a variety of professions across multiple sectors. Here are some key areas where skilled workers are urgently needed:

  • Healthcare and Nursing
  • Information Technology (IT)
  • Engineering and Technical Professions
  • Skilled Trades
  1. Healthcare and Nursing
    • Registered Nurses: With an aging population, the demand for healthcare services is on the rise. Registered nurses are needed in hospitals, nursing homes, and outpatient care.
    • Old Care Specialists: Professionals trained in old care are essential to support the increasing number of senior locals.
    • Medical Practitioners: General practitioners and specialists, such as radiologists and anesthesiologists, are in high demand.
  2. Engineering and Technical Professions
    • Mechanical Engineers: Germany’s manufacturing sector relies heavily on mechanical engineers to design, develop, and maintain machinery.
    • Electrical Engineers: With advancements in technology, electrical engineers are needed to work on power systems, electronics, and telecommunications.
    • Civil Engineers: Infrastructure development and maintenance require skilled civil engineers for projects like road construction and urban planning.
  3. Information Technology (IT)
    • Software Developers: The tech industry in Germany is booming, with a high demand for software developers proficient in various programming languages.
    • IT Consultants: Companies seek IT consultants to optimize their digital strategies and improve cybersecurity measures.
    • Network Administrators: Managing and maintaining computer networks is crucial for businesses, creating a need for skilled network administrators.
  4. Skilled Trades
    • Electricians: With ongoing construction projects and the push for renewable energy, electricians are essential for installation and maintenance tasks.
    • Plumbers: Skilled plumbers are needed for residential, commercial, and industrial projects, ensuring proper water and heating systems.
    • Carpenters: The construction and renovation industries require carpenters to build and repair structures.

Germany Shortage Occupation List (Full)

So, we have already given you some heavy-demand profession lists in Germany. In this section, we will provide you with the full list of Germany Shortage Occupations. Without delay, let’s check them out one by one.

German Job Market

Manufacturing, mining, construction, and distribution managers

  • Manufacturing, mining, construction, and distribution managers
  • Manufacturing managers
  • Mining managers
  • Construction managers
  • Supply, distribution and related managers

Information and communications technology service managers

  • Information and communications technology service managers
  • Information and communications technology service managers

Professional services managers (Shortage Occupation List in Germany)

  • Professional services managers
  • Childcare services managers
  • Health services managers
  • Aged care services managers
  • Social welfare managers
  • Education managers
  • Financial and insurance services branch managers
  • Professional services managers not elsewhere classified

Science and engineering professionals

In this section, there is also a sub-section. This covers Physical and earth science professionals in Germany.

Physical and earth science professionals

  • Physicists and astronomers
  • Meteorologists
  • Chemists
  • Geologists and geophysicists
Germany Map Photo

Mathematicians, actuaries and statisticians

  • Mathematicians, actuaries and statisticians

Life science professionals

  • Biologists, botanists, zoologists and related professionals
  • Farming, forestry and fisheries advisers
  • Environmental protection professionals

Engineering professionals (excluding electrotechnology)

  • Industrial and production engineers
  • Civil engineers
  • Environmental engineers
  • Mechanical engineers
  • Chemical engineers
  • Mining engineers, metallurgists and related professionals
  • Engineering professionals not elsewhere classified

Electrotechnology engineers

  • Electrical engineers
  • Electronics engineers
  • Telecommunications engineers

Architects, planners, surveyors and designers

  • Building architects
  • Landscape architects
  • Product and garment designers
  • Town and traffic planners
  • Cartographers and surveyors
  • Graphic and multimedia designers

Medical doctors

  • Generalist medical practitioners
  • Specialist medical practitioners

Nursing and midwifery professionals

  • Nursing professionals
  • Midwifery professionals


  • Veterinarians

Other health professionals

  • Dentists
  • Pharmacists
  • Environmental and occupational health and hygiene professionals
  • Physiotherapists
  • Dieticians and nutritionists
  • Audiologists and speech therapists
  • Optometrists and ophthalmic opticians
  • Health professionals not elsewhere classified

Teaching professionals

You will be amazed that, as a teacher, you can also come to Germany. Teaching professionals are also on the Germany Shortage Occupation List.

  • Vocational education teachers
    • Vocational education teachers
  • Secondary education teachers
    • Secondary education teachers
  • Primary school and early childhood teachers
    • Primary school teachers
    • Early childhood educators
  • Other teaching professionals
    • Education methods specialists
    • Special requirements teachers
    • Other language teachers
    • Other music teachers
    • Other arts teachers
    • Information technology trainers
    • Teaching professionals not elsewhere classified

Information and communications technology professionals

There are lots of professions in the IT field when it comes to Germany Shortage Occupation List. Let’s have a look at them below:

  • Information and communications technology professionals
  • Software and applications developers and analysts
    • Systems analysts
    • Software developers
    • Web and multimedia developers
    • Applications programmers
    • Software and applications developers and analysts not elsewhere classified
  • Database and network professionals
    • Database designers and administrators
    • Systems administrators
    • Computer network professionals
    • Database and network professionals not elsewhere classified

Pathways for Skilled Workers to Germany: Germany Shortage Occupation List

For skilled workers in these professions, Germany offers several pathways to enter the country and fill these critical roles. Here are some key steps to consider:

  1. Recognition of Qualifications
    • Before applying for jobs in Germany, it’s essential to have your professional qualifications recognized. The German government provides a portal, “Recognition in Germany,” where foreign qualifications can be evaluated and compared to German standards.
  2. Job Search and Employment
    • Utilize job portals, recruitment agencies, and professional networks to find job opportunities in your field. Websites like ‘Make it in Germany‘ offer valuable resources and job listings for international professionals.
  3. Visa and Residence Permits
    • Once you secure a job offer, you can apply for a work visa and residence permit. The EU Blue Card is an attractive option for highly skilled workers, offering benefits like easier family reunification and permanent residency.

Shortage Occupation List in Germany & Benefits of Working in Germany

As you already know, working in Germany offers numerous advantages, making it an attractive destination for skilled workers. Let’s check what are the main benefits of working in Germany.

  1. High Standard of Living
    • Firstly, Germany boasts a high quality of life, with excellent healthcare, education, and public services. Cities like Berlin, Munich, and Hamburg are known for their vibrant cultural scenes and diverse communities.
  2. Competitive Salaries
    • Salaries in Germany are competitive, especially for skilled professionals. Additionally, workers benefit from strong labor protections and social security systems.
  3. Career Growth Opportunities
    • Germany’s dynamic economy provides ample opportunities for career advancement. The country’s commitment to innovation and technology ensures continuous growth in various industries.
  4. Work-Life Balance
    • Generally, Germans value work-life balance, with generous vacation days, parental leave, and reasonable working hours. This approach contributes to overall well-being and job satisfaction.
List of Shortage Occupation in Germany

Challenges and Considerations for Germany

While Germany offers many opportunities, there are also challenges to consider:

  1. Language Barrier
    • Although many Germans speak English, proficiency in German is often required, especially for customer-facing roles. Language courses and immersion can help overcome this barrier.
  2. Cultural Differences
    • On the other hand, adapting to a new culture can be challenging. Understanding German workplace etiquette and social norms is crucial for a smooth transition.
  3. Recognition Process
    • However, the recognition of foreign qualifications can be time-consuming and complex. It’s important to start this process early and seek assistance if needed.

Germany Shortage Occupation List FAQs

What jobs are in shortage in Germany?

Germany faces shortages in various sectors, including healthcare, IT, engineering, and skilled trades. Specifically, there is a high demand for nurses, doctors, software developers, mechanical engineers, and electricians.

What is the shortage occupation list in Germany in 2024-2025?

The 2024-2025 shortage occupation list includes healthcare professionals, IT specialists, engineers, teaching professionals, and managerial roles. The Federal Employment Agency identifies these as bottleneck occupations due to the difficulty in filling vacancies.

Which profession is in high demand in Germany?

Professions in high demand include software developers, mechanical engineers, nurses, and electricians. The demand is driven by technological advancements and an aging population.

What jobs are in demand in Germany for immigrants?

Immigrants are in demand for roles in healthcare, IT, engineering, and skilled trades. Germany’s immigration policies facilitate the entry of skilled workers from abroad to fill these critical positions.

Germany Shortage Occupation List

In conclusion, we would like to say that, the Shortage Occupation List in Germany highlights the country’s need for skilled professionals in various fields. For those willing to navigate the challenges and seize the opportunities, Germany offers a promising destination with a high standard of living, competitive salaries, and numerous career growth prospects.

By understanding the key professions in demand and the pathways to enter the country, skilled workers can embark on a rewarding journey to contribute to Germany’s economic success and enjoy a fulfilling professional and personal life.

Whether you are a healthcare worker, engineer, IT specialist, or skilled tradesperson, Germany welcomes your expertise. Start your journey today and explore the possibilities that await in one of Europe’s most dynamic and prosperous nations.

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